The Academy of Art University has a discussion of rubrics for Authentic Assessment.
The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga-Teaching Resource Center outlines the advantages and disadvantages of various test questions.
The IDEA paper by William Cashin contains information about strengths and weaknesses of essay tests.
- Write the test items imply and clearly.
- If an item represents a particular opinion, identify the author of the opinion.
- Write clear and unambiguous directions for the test as a whole and for each specific section of the test.
- Assemble items into a test according to some systematic plan, e.g., similar item-types grouped together.
- Devise a system to facilitate scoring the test (e.g., a separate answer sheet and an answer key in the same format).
- Don’t left a statement verbatim from a textbook.
- Don’t provide clues in one item for answers to other items.
- Don’t intersperse item-types on the test.
- Avoid writing interdependent items such that the answer to one item is necessary to respond to the next item.
- Avoid items dealing with trivia.
- Avoid trick questions.
- Avoid ambiguity in items.