Rubrics

The Academy of Art University has a discussion of rubrics for Authentic Assessment.

Test Construction

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga-Teaching Resource Center outlines the advantages and disadvantages of various test questions.

Cheung and Bucat present a good discussion of the construction of multiple-choice item writers as well as more general discussion of how to prepare better tests.

The IDEA paper by William Cashin contains information about strengths and weaknesses of essay tests.

DO’S:

  • Write the test items imply and clearly.
  • If an item represents a particular opinion, identify the author of the opinion.
  • Write clear and unambiguous directions for the test as a whole and for each specific section of the test.
  • Assemble items into a test according to some systematic plan, e.g., similar item-types grouped together.
  • Devise a system to facilitate scoring the test (e.g., a separate answer sheet and an answer key in the same format).

DON’TS:

  • Don’t left a statement verbatim from a textbook.
  • Don’t provide clues in one item for answers to other items.
  • Don’t intersperse item-types on the test.
  • Avoid writing interdependent items such that the answer to one item is necessary to respond to the next item.
  • Avoid items dealing with trivia.
  • Avoid trick questions.
  • Avoid ambiguity in items.